It seems somewhat impossible to define what might be the dog breeds that live longer and stay healthier, but at least there are breeds that are characterized by lower incidence of genetic diseases, bone problems and other conditions related to their skin and coat.
Here is the list of the healthiest dog breeds:
Australian Shepherd Cattle
This breed is among the select group of dogs with the lowest number of reported diseases. Traditionally, this breed of dogs has been used as farm assistants to guide, organize and take care of livestock and it is still being done. They are one of the best dogs to perform this type of tasks because of their high level of intelligence, ability to solve problems and actives soft bites to track the cattle. The most complicated health problems that could come to suffer are hip dysplasia, deafness and elbow dysplasia.
This hound is also a dog that is usually breed to work and is considered one of the healthiest dog breeds. These dogs are used to track animals for example in fox hunting.
German Shorthair Braco
It is a breed developed in Germany in the 1800s for hunting and recognized for its intelligence and competence in different games and sports. With an average life expectancy of 12 to 14 years, they are very healthy but they are also prone to health problems such as hypothyroidism, hip dysplasia, and gastric torsion. It is a high energy race that requires a lot of daily exercises, spending time outdoors and, like all races requires mental stimulation throughout the day.
Another race with a lot of energy, agility, intelligence, and obedience are Border Collies. With a life expectancy of 10 to 14 years, some of the health problems that could suffer are epileptic attacks or hypothyroidism. They need to exercise daily and spend a lot of time outdoors.
We know that they really are not a breed, but we could not exclude them from the list especially because they are some of the dogs that tend to stay healthier. A recent study showed that mongrel dogs were significantly less likely to develop genetic diseases including heart disease, muscle, bone, skin allergies, and hypothyroidism.
Known to be the smallest breed in the world, Chihuahuas are loyal, intelligent dogs and some of the healthiest, according to Denise Petryk, also an advanced animal care veterinarian at Trupanion. They live on average 14 to 18 years and some of the most serious diseases that can develop this race are hypoglycemia, patellar dislocation, pulmonary stenosis and heart valve disease. Due to their size, Chihuahuas require minimal exercise beyond a short walk.
With very few cases of bone, skin or fur problems, the Australian sheep herd is very healthy. It is a dog that can usually be seen on farms and are intelligent, obedient and agile and require regular exercise and mental stimulation. They live on average 12 to 15 years and the diseases to which they are prone at times are hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism and collie eye anomaly, a hereditary congenital ocular condition.
It is a crossbreed created from the cross of a Labrador Retriever and a Poodle. It is is the list of healthiest dogs because it has few cases of bone problems and conditions related to skin and fur. You should bathe regularly with dog shampoo and brush. The diseases that this race could usually develop include hip dysplasia, Addison’s disease and visual problems such as progressive atrophy of the retina.
He is a medium-sized dog recognized for his abilities as a racing dog. While these dogs continue to work in certain places and compete in sled races, it has also become a race much loved by families who love the outdoors. They live an average of 11 to 13 years and can suffer diseases such as progressive atrophy of the retina, hypothyroidism, and cataracts.